How to Check for Malware on Windows 10

Have you ever encountered computer problems such as slow performance, pop-ups, or even data loss? These may be caused by malware, which is a type of harmful software that infiltrates your computer without your knowledge. If you are using Windows 10, you might be wondering how to check for malware on your system. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to do so.

Steps to Check for Malware on Windows 10

Step 1: Install Antivirus Software

Antivirus software is an essential tool for protecting your computer against malware. Make sure to install a reliable antivirus program that can provide real-time protection, such as Windows Defender, McAfee, or Norton.

Step 2: Update Your Operating System

Keeping your operating system up to date is crucial in preventing malware attacks. Make sure to enable automatic updates for Windows 10 so that you receive the latest security patches and bug fixes.

Step 3: Use Malware Scanning Tools

Apart from antivirus software, you can also use specialized malware scanning tools such as Malwarebytes, AdwCleaner, or HitmanPro to detect and remove malware from your system.

Step 4: Scan Your System with Windows Defender

Windows 10 comes with a built-in antivirus program called Windows Defender. You can use it to scan your computer for any malware infections. Open your Windows Security settings and click on “Virus & threat protection” to initiate a quick or full scan.

Step 5: Check Your Computer for Suspicious Behavior

Malware may cause your computer to behave unusually, such as sudden crashes, freezes, or errors. If you notice any unusual activities or changes on your system, it may be wise to perform a malware scan.

Step 6: Check Your Browser for Malicious Add-Ons

Some malware may infect your browser and install malicious add-ons or toolbars. Check your browser settings and remove any suspicious extensions that you don’t recognize.

Step 7: Run System File Checker

System File Checker is a built-in tool in Windows 10 that helps to scan and repair corrupted system files. You can use it to check for malware-related damage to your system files.

Step 8: Disable Suspicious Startup Programs

Malware may also add itself to the list of startup programs on your system, causing your computer to slow down and behave abnormally. Check your startup programs and disable any suspicious ones that you don’t recognize.

Step 9: Use a Firewall

A firewall can help to block unauthorized access to your computer and prevent malware from communicating with its server. Enable Windows Firewall or install a third-party firewall for added protection.

Step 10: Backup Your Data

In case of any accidental or malicious data loss, it is crucial to have a backup of your important files and documents. Use cloud storage or an external hard drive to keep your data safe.

Step 11: Educate Yourself About Malware

One of the best ways to protect yourself against malware is to be informed about common tactics and techniques used by attackers. Stay updated on the latest security news and learn how to recognize and avoid suspicious files and links.

Step 12: Stay Vigilant

Lastly, it is important to always stay vigilant and proactive in protecting your computer against malware. Don’t download or install software from untrusted sources and avoid clicking on suspicious links or attachments.

Additional Tips and Tricks

TIP 1: Use Strong Passwords

Create a strong and unique password for your Windows 10 account to prevent unauthorized access and malware infections.

TIP 2: Browse the Web Safely

Use a secure browser and avoid visiting suspicious or untrusted websites that may contain malware or phishing scams.

TIP 3: Enable Two-Factor Authentication

Enable two-factor authentication for your online accounts to add an extra layer of security and prevent unauthorized access.

TIP 4: Use a Virtual Private Network (VPN)

Use a VPN to encrypt your internet traffic and protect your online privacy from malware and hackers.

TIP 5: Update Your Apps Regularly

Keep your software and apps up to date to prevent security vulnerabilities that can be exploited by malware.

TIP 6: Be Cautious of Emails

Be cautious of emails from unknown senders and avoid clicking on links or downloading attachments from suspicious messages.

TIP 7: Use Ad Blockers

Use ad blockers to prevent malicious ads and pop-ups from appearing on your screen.

TIP 8: Create Limited User Accounts

Create a limited user account to prevent malware from making system-wide changes without your permission.

TIP 9: Be Careful with Downloads

Be careful when downloading files or software from the internet and avoid downloading from untrusted or unfamiliar sources.

TIP 10: Perform Regular Maintenance

Perform regular maintenance tasks such as disk cleanup, defragmentation, and registry cleaning to optimize your computer’s performance and prevent malware infections.

In conclusion, knowing how to check for malware on Windows 10 is essential in protecting your computer from various online threats. By following these steps and tips, you can ensure that your system remains secure and your data remains safe from harm.

Advantages and Disadvantages: How to Check for Malware on Windows 10


1. Windows Defender is a built-in antivirus program that comes with Windows 10, so there is no need to purchase or install additional software.

2. Windows 10 allows for frequent automatic updates, ensuring that the latest malware definitions are always in use.

3. There are various third-party antivirus programs available that offer advanced features such as real-time protection, firewall, and anti-ransomware protection.

4. The Malware Removal Tool included with Windows 10 can easily detect and remove most malware infections.

5. Windows 10 offers the ability to perform offline scans of your system, which can detect and remove stubborn malware that may not be detected during normal scans.

6. The Windows 10 Security Center provides a centralized location to manage and monitor your antivirus and firewall settings.

7. Windows 10 allows for the creation of restore points, which can be used to revert your system to a previous point in time before a malware infection occurred.

8. Command Prompt can be used to run system scans and perform other advanced malware removal tasks.

9. Windows 10 includes various security features such as Windows Hello, BitLocker, and Device Guard to help protect against malware.

10. Microsoft provides comprehensive documentation and support for Windows 10 security features, making it easy to troubleshoot and resolve issues related to malware infections.


1. Some malware may be able to bypass Windows Defender and other antivirus programs, making it difficult to detect and remove.

2. Third-party antivirus programs can be resource-intensive and slow down system performance.

3. Free antivirus programs may not offer the same level of protection as paid versions.

4. Some antivirus programs may generate false positives and flag legitimate software as malware.

5. Running frequent scans and updates can take up system resources and slow down other tasks.

6. Malware infections can still occur if users download and install malicious software or visit infected websites.

7. The Malware Removal Tool may not be effective in removing all types of malware infections.

8. Some users may not be familiar with advanced malware removal techniques using Command Prompt.

9. Some users may disable or turn off antivirus programs, leaving their system vulnerable to malware infections.

10. Some malware infections may be so severe that restoring the system to a previous state may not be possible, leading to permanent data loss.


1. What is malware?

Malware is a type of software that is created to cause damage to your computer system. It can be found in various forms such as viruses, spyware, or ransomware.

2. Why is it important to check for malware on Windows 10?

It is important to check for malware on Windows 10 because it can cause harm to your computer system and steal your personal data. It can also make your computer slow and unstable.

3. How can I check for malware on Windows 10?

You can check for malware on Windows 10 by using an anti-malware software program. Windows 10 also has a built-in anti-malware program called Windows Defender.

4. How do I access Windows Defender?

You can access Windows Defender by clicking on the Start menu and typing “Windows Security” in the search bar. Then, click on the Windows Security app.

5. How do I run a scan with Windows Defender?

To run a scan with Windows Defender, click on the “Virus & threat protection” tab and click on the “Scan now” button.

6. What should I do if Windows Defender detects malware?

If Windows Defender detects malware, it will automatically remove it. You should follow any additional instructions provided by the program.

7. Can I use other anti-malware software programs on Windows 10?

Yes, you can use other anti-malware software programs on Windows 10. However, it is important to only use one anti-malware program at a time to prevent conflicts.

8. How often should I check for malware on Windows 10?

You should check for malware on Windows 10 regularly, at least once a week. You should also scan your computer if you notice any unusual behavior or slow performance.

9. Can malware be removed manually?

Malware can be removed manually, but it is not recommended for inexperienced users. It is best to use an anti-malware software program to ensure complete removal.

10. Can malware infect my files?

Yes, malware can infect your files and potentially delete or corrupt them. It is important to backup your files regularly to prevent data loss.

11. How can I prevent malware from infecting my computer?

You can prevent malware from infecting your computer by keeping your operating system and anti-malware software up-to-date, avoiding suspicious downloads, and not clicking on suspicious links or emails.

12. Can malware affect the performance of my computer?

Yes, malware can affect the performance of your computer by slowing it down or causing it to crash. Regular malware checks and removal can improve your computer’s performance.

13. Is it safe to use public Wi-Fi for internet access?

Using public Wi-Fi can be risky as it can make your computer vulnerable to malware and hacking. It is best to use a VPN or avoid connecting to public Wi-Fi networks.

How to Check for Malware on Windows 10

Malware is a type of software designed to harm computer systems, steal data, and disrupt computer operations. With the rise of cyber threats, it is important to know how to check for malware on your Windows 10 computer. In this article, you’ll learn some effective ways to check for malware on your Windows 10 computer.

The first step to check for malware on your Windows 10 computer is to run a full system scan using an antivirus software. Windows Defender, a built-in antivirus software in Windows 10, is a good option as it provides real-time protection against malware. However, other antivirus software such as Avast, AVG, and Norton can also be used. Make sure to update your antivirus software regularly to detect the latest malware threats.

Another way to check for malware is to use the Windows Security app. To access the Windows Security app, click the Start button and type “Windows Security” in the search bar. Once the app is open, click on “Virus & threat protection” and select “Scan options”. Then, choose the type of scan you want to run – quick scan, full scan, or custom scan – and click “Scan now”. The app will then scan your computer for malware and display the results.

If you suspect that your Windows 10 computer has malware, you can check the Task Manager for any suspicious processes or applications. To access the Task Manager, right-click on the taskbar and select “Task Manager” from the menu. Then, click on “More details” to expand the Task Manager. Look for any processes or applications that use a lot of CPU or memory and are not familiar to you. Right-click on the suspicious process or application and select “End task” to stop it.

Conclusion and Closing

Checking for malware on your Windows 10 computer is important to protect your system and data from cyber threats. Running a full system scan using an antivirus software, using the Windows Security app, and checking the Task Manager are some effective ways to detect malware. Remember to update your antivirus software regularly and be vigilant of any suspicious activities on your computer. Stay safe and happy computing!

Thank you for reading this article on how to check for malware on Windows 10. We hope that the information provided was helpful and informative. If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to leave a comment below. Until next time, take care and stay safe!