Learn How to Fix a Slow Computer on Windows 10

Welcome to our article on how to fix a slow computer on Windows 10. If you are experiencing sluggish performance and frustratingly long loading times, then this article will provide you with 12 actionable steps to speed up your PC. These tips and tricks are easy to follow and will help you optimize your system so that it runs faster and smoother than ever before. So, let’s jump right in!

Step-by-Step Guide to Fix a Slow Computer on Windows 10

Step 1: Clean Up Your Hard Disk

One of the most common causes of a slow computer is a cluttered hard disk. When your hard disk is full of unnecessary files and folders, it takes longer for your system to find and access the information it needs, leading to slower performance. To overcome this problem, you can use Windows built-in Disk Cleanup tool to remove temporary files, system files, and other unwanted data.

Step 2: Uninstall Unused Programs

Another factor that can slow down your computer is the presence of unused programs. These programs take up valuable space on your hard disk and can also run in the background, using up system resources and slowing down your PC. To fix this issue, you can easily uninstall any programs that you no longer need or use.

Step 3: Disable Unnecessary Startup Programs

When you start your computer, many programs automatically launch and run in the background. While some of these programs are essential for your computer to work properly, others are not. Disabling unnecessary startup programs can significantly improve your system’s performance, as it reduces the number of programs that are running in the background, freeing up resources for other applications.

Step 4: Disable Visual Effects

Windows 10 comes with many visual effects, such as animations, shadows, and transparency, that can make your system look great but can also slow it down. Disabling these visual effects can speed up your system and improve its responsiveness.

Step 5: Update Your Drivers

Drivers are essential software components that allow your hardware to communicate with your computer’s operating system. Outdated drivers can cause performance issues and even lead to system crashes. To keep your computer running smoothly, you should regularly update your drivers to the latest versions.

Step 6: Scan Your Computer for Malware

Malware, such as viruses, worms, and Trojan horses, can infect your computer and cause all kinds of issues, including slow performance. To avoid this, you should regularly scan your computer for malware and remove any threats that you find.

Step 7: Optimize Your Browser

If you use your web browser frequently, it can accumulate a lot of temporary files, cookies, and other data that can slow down your browsing experience. To optimize your browser and speed up your web surfing, you can clear your cache and history, disable extensions that you don’t need, and use a good ad blocker.

Step 8: Upgrade Your Hardware

If your computer is still running slow after following all of the steps above, it might be time to upgrade your hardware. Upgrading your RAM, hard disk, or graphics card can significantly improve your system’s performance and speed.

Step 9: Defragment Your Hard Disk

As you use your computer, files and folders become fragmented, which means that different parts of the same file are stored in different places on your hard disk. This can affect your system’s performance, as it takes longer to access fragmented files. Running the Disk Defragmenter tool can help you optimize your hard disk and improve your system’s speed.

Step 10: Use a Registry Cleaner

The Windows Registry is a database that stores settings and configurations for your operating system and applications. Over time, the registry can become cluttered with unused and obsolete entries, which can slow down your computer. A registry cleaner can scan your registry for errors and remove any unnecessary entries, improving your system’s performance.

Step 11: Adjust Your Virtual Memory Settings

Virtual memory is a feature of your operating system that allows your computer to use part of your hard disk as if it were RAM. If your virtual memory settings are not optimized, this can lead to poor performance and slow system speed. Adjusting your virtual memory settings can help you overcome this issue and speed up your computer.

Step 12: Reinstall Your Operating System

If all else fails, reinstalling your operating system can be a last resort for fixing a slow computer. Reinstalling your OS removes all bloatware, viruses, and performance-inhibiting software, giving your computer a fresh start.

Tips and Tricks for Maintaining a Fast Computer

Tip 1: Keep Your System Up to Date

Regularly installing updates and patches for your operating system and applications can help you maintain a fast and secure system.

Tip 2: Use Antivirus Software

Installing a good antivirus program can help protect your computer from malware and other online threats.

Tip 3: Be Mindful of Your Computer Usage

Avoid running too many programs at once, as this can lead to slower performance. Deactivate programs that you don’t need to use actively.

Tip 4: Keep Your Hard Disk Clean

Regularly cleaning out your hard disk, organizing your files and folders, and using Disk Cleanup can help you maintain a fast and responsive system.

Tip 5: Back Up Your Data Regularly

Backing up your data regularly can help you avoid loss of important files and give you the peace of mind that your valuable data is safe.

Tip 6: Keep Your Desktop Clean

Avoid cluttering your desktop with unnecessary icons, files, and folders, as this can slow down your system.

Tip 7: Use a Good Quality Power Supply

A good quality power supply is essential for reliable and efficient computing and will help maintain a fast and stable system.

Tip 8: Avoid Overclocking Your Hardware

Overclocking your hardware can cause stability and performance issues, and may even lead to hardware failure. Always stick to recommended settings to maintain a fast and stable system.

Tip 9: Defrag Your Hard Disk Regularly

Using the Disk Defragmenter tool to defragment your hard disk regularly can help you maintain a fast and efficient system.

Tip 10: Keep Your System Clean and Dust-Free

Regularly cleaning your computer’s insides and ensuring that it is free of dust and debris can help you maintain a cool and fast system.

That concludes our guide on how to fix a slow computer on Windows 10. By following these 12 steps and keeping our tips and tricks in mind, you can optimize your system and achieve a faster, smoother, and more efficient computing experience in no time.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Fixing a Slow Computer in Windows 10


1. Improved Performance – Fixing a slow computer in Windows 10 can improve its performance. This enables you to work faster and be more productive.

2. Saves Time – A faster computer saves time as it allows programs to open quickly and reduces the time taken to load files and folders.

3. Increased Lifespan – A slow computer may be prone to crashes, which could result in data loss or the need for replacement. Fixing the issue helps increase the lifespan of your PC.

4. Better Experience – Using a speedy computer can improve your overall experience as it enables you to navigate and perform tasks smoothly.

5. Cost-effective – Opting to fix a slow computer is usually cheaper than buying a new one. You can also avoid data loss and prevent regular breakdowns that may require costly repairs.

6. Prevents Security Risks – A poorly performing computer can be more vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Fixing this issue boosts your PC security and prevents attacks that could result in data loss.

7. Less Frustration – A slow computer can be frustrating, especially when you are working on an urgent project. Fixing the issue eliminates this frustration.

8. Improved Gaming Experience – Faster computers can enable better graphics, smoother gameplay, and higher frames per second, which makes playing games an enjoyable experience.

9. Faster Internet Speed – A faster computer can enhance internet speed, allowing you to browse faster and stream videos without buffering.

10. Avoid Losing Work Progress – Slow computers may fail to save or respond when you are working on vital projects. This can be reduced through fixing the slow computer and avoiding work progress loss.


1. Time-consuming – Fixing a slow computer in Windows 10 can take time, especially if you are not familiar with the techniques.

2. Costs – Depending on the severity of the issue, fixing a slow computer may be costly, especially if you require professional services.

3. Hardware Issues – If the issue causing a slow computer is hardware-related, the cost may be higher, as hardware parts need replacement.

4. Not a Permanent Solution – Fixing a slow computer temporarily with software solutions may not permanently resolve the issue, which may require additional services.

5. Comprehensive Technical Knowledge Required – Fixing a slow computer in Windows 10 may require comprehensive technical knowledge, especially when dealing with complex issues.

6. Risk of Data Loss – Fixing a slow computer may result in loss of data, especially if you have not backed up your files.

7. Risk of System Crashes – While fixing a slow computer, the system may crash, leading to the need for additional repairs.

8. Viruses and Malware Issues – Slow computer issues may result from virus and malware infections, which may need comprehensive clean-up procedures.

9. Interrupts Computer Use – Fixing a slow computer may lead to interrupted use as you may need to pause your work for a specified period.

10. Compatibility issues – Fixing a slow computer may require software updates, which may result in programs incompatibility issues.


1. What are the common causes of a slow Windows 10 computer?

The most common causes of a slow Windows 10 computer are too many programs running in the background, outdated drivers, low disk space, malware or virus infections, and damaged system files.

2. How do I check if my system has malware or virus infections?

You can run a full system scan using a reliable antivirus program. If malware or virus infections are detected, remove them immediately.

3. How do I free up disk space on my Windows 10 computer?

You can uninstall unnecessary programs, delete old files and folders, and clear temporary files and caches. Additionally, you may consider moving some of your files to cloud storage or an external hard drive.

4. How do I update my drivers?

You can update your drivers manually by downloading and installing them from the manufacturer’s website or by using a driver updater software.

5. What is the System File Checker?

The System File Checker is a built-in Windows 10 utility that scans and repairs corrupted or damaged system files.

6. How do I run the System File Checker?

Open the Command Prompt as an administrator and type “sfc /scannow” then hit enter. The System File Checker will run and repair any corrupted or damaged system files.

7. What is Disk Cleanup?

Disk Cleanup is a built-in Windows 10 utility that helps free up disk space by cleaning up unnecessary files such as temporary files, recycle bin items, and system files.

8. How do I run Disk Cleanup?

Open the Start menu and search for “Disk Cleanup”. Select the drive you want to clean up and then select the files you want to delete. Click “Clean up system files” for a more thorough cleaning.

9. What is Disk Defragmenter?

Disk Defragmenter is a built-in Windows 10 utility that rearranges data on your hard drive to make it run more efficiently.

10. How do I run Disk Defragmenter?

Open the Start menu and search for “Defragment and Optimize Drives” then select the drive you want to defragment and click “Optimize”.

11. How do I disable unnecessary startup programs?

Open the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc), select the “Startup” tab, and then disable any unnecessary startup programs by right-clicking and selecting “Disable”.

12. How do I adjust visual effects and performance options?

Open the Control Panel and select “System”. Click “Advanced system settings” and select the “Advanced” tab. Under “Performance”, select “Settings” then select “Adjust for best performance” or choose individual settings to adjust.

13. How do I restore my Windows 10 computer to a previous state?

Open the Control Panel and select “Recovery”. Click “Open system restore” and select the restore point you want to use. Follow the prompts to complete the restore process.

How to Fix Slow Computer Windows 10: Conclusion

Having a slow computer can be frustrating, especially when you have work or assignments to finish. But if you follow the tips and tricks mentioned in this article, you will definitely be able to fix your slow computer and improve its performance. Remember to check for malware, update your drivers, clear out junk files, and adjust your computer settings to optimize its performance. These steps may seem simple, but they can make a huge difference in how your computer functions.

Closing Thoughts

Fixing a slow computer may require some effort on your part, but it is definitely worth it in the end. Not only will it make you more productive, but it will also improve the lifespan of your computer. By following the steps mentioned in this article, you can easily fix your slow computer Windows 10 without having to spend a ton of money on a new device or professional help. So what are you waiting for? Go ahead and try out these tips today, and say goodbye to a slow and sluggish computer!

Thank you for reading this article, and we hope that it was helpful in resolving any slow computer issues you may be facing. If you have any other tips or tricks that you think could be helpful, feel free to share them in the comments section below. Until next time, happy computing!