How to Install Ubuntu in Windows 10: A Comprehensive Guide

. Welcome to the world of Ubuntu, a free and open-source operating system that can be installed on your Windows 10 device. In this article, we will guide you through the process of how to install Ubuntu in Windows 10, step-by-step. Before we dive into the process, let’s take a quick look at what Ubuntu is and why you might want to install it on your computer. Ubuntu is a Linux-based operating system that is free to download, use, and distribute. It is known for being fast, secure, and customizable, with a wide range of software and applications available. Ubuntu is an excellent choice for those who are tired of using Windows or macOS and want to try something different. Installing Ubuntu alongside Windows 10 is a great way to get started with Linux without having to give up your current operating system. In this article, we will cover the following topics: – Checking your hardware and software requirements – Downloading Ubuntu – Creating a bootable USB drive – Booting your computer from the USB drive – Starting the Ubuntu installation process – Selecting your language and keyboard layout – Choosing your installation type – Partitioning your hard drive – Entering your personal details – Setting up your login and password – Installing Ubuntu – Configuring your system Let’s get started!

Hardware and Software Requirements

Before installing Ubuntu, it’s essential to check that your computer meets the hardware and software requirements. Ubuntu requires at least a 2 GHz dual-core processor, 4 GB of RAM, and 25 GB of free storage space. You’ll also need a USB drive with at least 4 GB of storage space and a reliable internet connection to download Ubuntu. If you’re not sure whether your computer meets these requirements, you can also download and run the Ubuntu Live CD to test it out before installing it.

Downloading Ubuntu

The first step in installing Ubuntu in Windows 10 is to download the Ubuntu ISO file from the official website. You can choose to download the latest version of Ubuntu, or an older version if you prefer. Once you have selected your version, click on the download button, and the ISO file will be downloaded to your computer.

Creating a bootable USB drive

Once you have downloaded the Ubuntu ISO file, you’ll need to create a bootable USB drive. To do this, you can use a tool like Rufus or Etcher, which will create a bootable USB drive from the ISO file. Open Rufus or Etcher and select the Ubuntu ISO file that you downloaded. Choose the USB drive that you want to use and click on the “Start” button. The tool will then create a bootable USB drive.

Booting your computer from the USB drive

Now that you have a bootable USB drive, you’ll need to boot your computer from it. To do this, restart your computer and enter the BIOS or UEFI settings. Look for the “Boot” or “Boot Order” option and set the USB drive as the first boot device. Save the changes and exit the BIOS or UEFI settings. Your computer should now boot from the USB drive, and you’ll see the Ubuntu installer screen.

Starting the Ubuntu installation process

On the Ubuntu installer screen, you’ll see several options. Choose the “Install Ubuntu” option to begin the installation process.

Selecting your language and keyboard layout

Next, you’ll need to select your language and keyboard layout. Choose the language that you want to use for Ubuntu and the keyboard layout that you’re most comfortable with.

Choosing your installation type

You’ll then be asked to choose your installation type. You can choose to install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10, erase the entire disk and install Ubuntu, or create custom partitions. If you choose to install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10, Ubuntu will be installed on a separate partition without affecting your current operating system.

Partitioning your hard drive

If you choose to create custom partitions, you’ll need to partition your hard drive manually. You’ll need to create a swap partition, a root partition, and a home partition. The swap partition is used for virtual memory, and it should be about twice the size of your RAM. The root partition is where Ubuntu will be installed, and it should be at least 20 GB in size. The home partition is where your personal files will be stored, and it can be as large as you like.

Entering your personal details

Once you have partitioned your hard drive, you’ll need to enter your personal details, such as your name, username, and password.

Setting up your login and password

You’ll then be asked to set up your login and password. Choose a strong password that is difficult to guess, and make sure to remember it.

Installing Ubuntu

The installation process will start, and you’ll see a progress bar indicating how far along the installation has progressed. It can take anywhere from 15 to 45 minutes depending on your computer’s speed.

Configuring your system

Once the installation is complete, you’ll need to configure your system settings, such as your time zone, language, and keyboard layout. Congratulations, you have successfully installed Ubuntu in Windows 10! Here are some additional tips and tricks to help you get started:

Tips and Tricks

Install third-party software

Ubuntu does not come with third-party software installed, such as codecs for playing media files. To install these, open the Ubuntu Software Center and search for “Ubuntu restricted extras.”

Customize your desktop

Ubuntu allows you to customize your desktop to your liking. You can change your wallpaper, install new themes, and add new icons to your desktop.

Use the terminal

The terminal is a powerful tool that allows you to execute commands and scripts on your computer. It can be intimidating at first, but learning how to use it can save you time and make you more productive.

Install new software

Ubuntu has a massive library of software and applications that you can install. Open the Ubuntu Software Center and search for the program that you want to install.

Back up your data

It’s always a good idea to back up your data regularly. Ubuntu comes with a backup tool called Deja Dup, which can be used to back up your files and folders to an external hard drive or cloud storage.

Update your system regularly

Ubuntu releases regular updates to improve performance and security. Make sure to keep your system up-to-date by running the Ubuntu software updater regularly.

Learn keyboard shortcuts

Ubuntu has many keyboard shortcuts that can help you navigate and work more efficiently. Take some time to learn the most useful ones.

Explore the Ubuntu community

Ubuntu has a vast and vibrant community of users and developers. Take some time to explore the Ubuntu forums and community websites to learn more about Ubuntu and get help if you need it.

Try different Ubuntu flavors

Ubuntu has several different flavors, such as Kubuntu, Xubuntu, and Ubuntu MATE, which offer different desktop environments and software packages. Try them out to see which one you prefer.

Have fun!

Ubuntu is a fun and exciting operating system to use. Don’t be afraid to explore, experiment, and have fun with it!

Advantages and Disadvantages of Installing Ubuntu in Windows 10


1. Provides a free and open-source operating system option for users who want to explore more than just Windows.

2. Ubuntu is known for its simplicity and user-friendliness, making it a great choice for beginners.

3. Runs natively inside Windows 10, so users don’t need to set up virtual machines or dual-boot systems to use it.

4. Regular updates and a large community of users make Ubuntu a reliable and secure operating system.

5. Ubuntu is supported by most software applications, so users can install essential tools like web browsers, media players, and office suites.

6. Ubuntu supports a wide range of hardware, making it accessible for users with different devices.

7. Ubuntu is customizable, allowing users to personalize their desktop environment with different themes, icons, and shortcuts.

8. Ubuntu includes a wide range of pre-installed applications, making it ready to use out of the box.

9. Ubuntu is lightweight and fast, providing users with a responsive and smooth experience.

10. Ubuntu is an eco-friendly operating system that consumes significantly less power compared to Windows, making it an ideal choice for energy-efficient devices.


1. Ubuntu may encounter compatibility issues with some hardware, requiring users to install additional drivers or software to make it work properly.

2. Ubuntu has a relatively smaller market share compared to Windows, limiting its availability and support from some software vendors.

3. Ubuntu may not be compatible with some specialized applications and tools used in certain industries or professions.

4. Ubuntu requires users to familiarize themselves with its user interface and commands, which can be challenging for Windows users who are used to a different system.

5. Ubuntu does not have as many gaming options compared to Windows, limiting the entertainment options of users.

6. Ubuntu’s software repository may not have as many options compared to Windows, although users can still install additional software using third-party sources.

7. Ubuntu may require more technical knowledge to solve problems and troubleshoot compared to Windows.

8. Ubuntu may not be compatible with all file formats, requiring users to install additional software or use online converters.

9. Ubuntu does not have as many customization options for users who want to change more than just the desktop environment.

10. Ubuntu updates may require users to reinstall certain applications or drivers, which can be time-consuming and inconvenient.


1. What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a popular open-source operating system based on the Linux kernel. It is known for stability, security, and ease-of-use, making it a great choice for desktop and server environments.

2. Can I install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10?

Yes, you can install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10 on your computer. This is called a dual-boot setup, and it allows you to choose between Windows 10 and Ubuntu when you power on your PC.

3. How much space do I need for Ubuntu?

The minimum recommended space for Ubuntu is 25 GB, but it’s best to allocate at least 50 GB to give yourself enough room to install applications and store files.

4. Do I need to back up my Windows 10 data before installing Ubuntu?

Yes, it’s always a good idea to back up your important data before making any major changes to your computer, including installing a new operating system like Ubuntu.

5. Can I run Windows and Ubuntu applications on the same computer?

No, Windows applications can only be run on Windows and Ubuntu applications can only be run on Ubuntu. However, some applications, such as web browsers and office suites, have versions that work on both operating systems.

6. Is Ubuntu compatible with my hardware?

Ubuntu is designed to work with a wide variety of hardware, but it’s always a good idea to check the system requirements and hardware compatibility list before installing.

7. How long does it take to install Ubuntu?

The installation time can vary depending on your computer’s hardware and the installation method you choose, but typically it takes around 30-60 minutes.

8. Will installing Ubuntu affect my Windows 10 license?

No, installing Ubuntu alongside Windows 10 will not affect your Windows 10 license.

9. Do I need to create a separate partition for Ubuntu?

Yes, when installing Ubuntu alongside Windows 10, you will need to create a separate partition for Ubuntu to be installed on.

10. Can I remove Ubuntu and go back to using only Windows 10?

Yes, you can remove Ubuntu and go back to using only Windows 10. You will need to delete the Ubuntu partition and repair the Windows bootloader using the Windows installation media.

11. How do I access Ubuntu after installing it alongside Windows 10?

When you power on your computer, you will be prompted to choose which operating system to use. Select Ubuntu to access it.

12. Can I customize the Ubuntu interface to look like Windows 10?

Yes, you can customize the Ubuntu interface to look like Windows 10 using themes and icon packs that mimic the Windows interface.

13. How do I update Ubuntu after installing it?

You can update Ubuntu by opening the Software Updater app and clicking the “Install Now” button to download and install the latest updates.


Installing Ubuntu in Windows 10 may seem like a daunting task but it is actually quite simple. With just a few steps, you can have the power of Linux running right alongside your Windows operating system. Ubuntu offers a lot of benefits and can open up a world of possibilities for your computer. So, if you’re ready to take the plunge and try out Ubuntu, follow these steps and get started!


Thank you for taking the time to read this article detailing how to install Ubuntu in Windows 10. We hope you found it informative and helpful. Remember, if at any point you get stuck during the installation process, don’t hesitate to seek out additional resources online or consult with a professional. The Ubuntu community is vast and supportive, so don’t be afraid to ask for help. Good luck on your journey with Ubuntu!