How to Run CHKDSK in Windows 10: A Comprehensive Guide

Running a computer can be quite challenging sometimes, especially when certain errors arise. One common error that anyone running a Windows 10 operating system is the dreaded CHKDSK error. However, this error does not necessarily mean that your computer has a serious problem. In fact, it simply indicates that there might be a few issues with your computer’s hard drive. In this article, we will guide you on how to run CHKDSK Windows 10 and get your computer up and running correctly once more.

How to Run CHKDSK Windows 10

Step 1: Open the Command Prompt

The first step in running CHKDSK is to open the Command Prompt. Navigate to the search bar located at the bottom-right side of the screen, and type in “Command Prompt”. Right-click on the option, and select “Run as Administrator.”

Step 2: Type in CHKDSK

After opening the Command Prompt, type in CHKDSK in either the lower or upper case. Afterward, add the drive letter to be scanned, including a space in between.

Step 3: Add ‘ /f’ Next to CHKDSK

Adding the /f command line allows CHKDSK to fix any issues found on the hard drive. Therefore, adding it to the end of the command gives CHKDSK authorisation to carry out repairs on your drive.

Step 4: Add ‘ /r’ next to ‘CHKDSK /f’

Adding the /r command line allows CHKDSK to look for and locate any bad sectors on your hard drive and help recover readable information.

Step 5: Press Enter

After you’ve combined CHKDSK, /f, and /r, press Enter.

Step 6: Choose Y or N

A prompt appears on your screen, asking if you would like to schedule the scanning process during the next boot. If you wish to do so, type in ‘Y,’ and if not, type in ‘N’.

Step 7: Restart Your Computer

After either scheduling or terminating the scanning process, the next step is restarting your computer.

Step 8: Wait for CHKDSK to Run

The next time you turn your computer on, CHKDSK will start running. During its run, you will see the scanning progress displayed on the screen. Once the process is complete, your computer will boot up normally if there are no critical issues.

Step 9: Check the Event Viewer Log

After running CHKDSK, it is vital to cross-check whether any errors were fixed. To do this, open the Event Viewer Log, select Windows Logs, then System. Look for events with “Winlogon” in the source section to check the results of CHKDSK.

Step 10: Check Your Hard Drive’s Health

If CHKDSK discovers bad sectors on your hard drive, it is crucial to check your hard drive’s health. Therefore, use excellent and efficient software’s like HD Tune, HDDScan, or Crystal Disk Info, to check and locate any issues with your hard drive.

Step 11: Backup Your Files

Even though CHKDSK ensures that any errors found are fixed, it is always wise to back up any data saved to your computer. Backing up your data protects you from any loss of data and ensures that you can recover all important files.

Step 12: Offload Files to Conserve Disk Space

After running CHKDSK and backing up your data, it might be necessary to offload some data to make some room on your hard drive. Offloading data, like videos and photos, can make a considerable difference in saving up disk space.

Tips and Tricks

Tip 1: Run Check Disk in Safe Mode

Running check disk in safe mode can help catch any boot-time problems that can maquire unnoticed during normal computer running times.

Tip 2: Use Disk Error-checking Tool

The Windows built-in tool is a quick and efficient way to fix file system errors, unclear sectors and recover written data.

Tip 3: Clean Out Junk Files

Files like temporary files, memory.dump files, and gained files usually take up storage space and slow down your computer.

Tip 4: Schedule a Disk Cleanup

Scheduling a cleanup helps automate the deletion of files that push on the computer’s speed and performance.

Tip 5: Install Antivirus Software

The antivirus program protects the computer from virus attack and avoids file loss, detects any malicious software and malware present in the system that can largely compromise the security of your computer.

Tip 6: Use Third-party Disk Maintenance Programs

These maintenance programs, when regularly run, can optimize disk performance, repair and erase disk errors, analyse disk space and detect & delete duplicate files.

Tip 7: Upgrade to Solid State Hard Drives

Solid-state drives(SSDs) can save faster and save more energy than hard drives. It is a good investment that can improve computer productivity.

Tip 8: Set Restore Points Manually and Update Drivers Regularly

Restoring to previous good configurations is a straightforward solution without loss or damage to files, regularly check for updates or patches on software and drivers which can improve the system performance.

Tip 9: Perform Disk Defragmentation

Defragmenting your hard drive clears the free spaces on your computer’s hard drive, eliminates slow write time and makes file retrievals faster.

Tip 10: Uninstall Unused Applications

Uninstall unused applications that can accumulate and slow down the computer systems performance. In conclusion, running CHKDSK Windows 10 can easily be performed by following the provided steps. Running regular system optimizations like disk maintenance and cleaning out junk files can go a long way in keeping your computer running smoothly. Don’t forget to backup your files and consider offloading some data to conserve disk space. Limiting the number of stored files on your hard drive will help your computer’s performance and reduce the likelihood of running into errors.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Running Chkdsk on Windows 10

Advantages (Kelebihan)

1. Checks for and fixes disk errors: Running chkdsk will scan your disk for errors and fix any it finds, improving the health and performance of your computer.

2. Improves system stability: By fixing disk errors, chkdsk can help prevent system crashes or freezes and improve the overall stability of your computer.

3. Enhances data security: Errors on your hard drive can cause data corruption or loss; running chkdsk will improve the security of your files and data.

4. Easy to use: Chkdsk is a built-in Windows utility that is easy to access and use, making it simple for even novice computer users to maintain their system.

5. Increased efficiency: By fixing errors and optimizing your hard drive, chkdsk can increase the efficiency and speed of your computer

6. Can be scheduled: You can set chkdsk to run automatically on a regular basis, so you don’t have to remember to do it manually.

7. Compatible with different file systems: Chkdsk can be run on all types of file systems, including NTFS, FAT, and exFAT.

8. Free: Chkdsk is a free tool that comes with Windows, so you don’t have to spend any money to maintain the health of your computer.

9. Provides detailed report: After running chkdsk, you will receive a detailed report of any errors found and fixed, giving you a better understanding of the health of your computer.

10. Disk Cleanup: After running chkdsk, it gives you the option of performing a disk cleanup, which can free up space on your hard drive and improve overall performance.

Disadvantages (Kekurangan)

1. Can take a long time: Due to the thoroughness of the scan, chkdsk can take a significant amount of time, especially on larger hard drives.

2. Can cause data loss: In very rare cases, running chkdsk can cause data loss. It’s important to backup your important files before running chkdsk.

3. Can cause system freezing: In some cases, running chkdsk can cause your system to freeze or become unresponsive.

4. Can temporarily reduce system speed: Due to the resource-intensive nature of the scan, running chkdsk can temporarily slow down the performance of your computer.

5. Cannot fix all errors: Some errors may be too severe for chkdsk to fix, requiring more advanced solutions.

6. Cannot fix physical damage: Chkdsk can only fix errors on the hard drive, it cannot repair any physical damage to the disk itself.

7. Limited customization: Chkdsk does not have many customization options, so you cannot tailor the scan to your specific needs.

8. Cannot be cancelled: Once chkdsk has started, it cannot be cancelled without potentially causing system issues.

9. Can be confusing for non-technical users: The error codes and technical language used by chkdsk can be confusing for non-technical users.

10. Requires administrator access: To run chkdsk, you must have administrator access to your computer, which may not be available to all users.


1. What is chkdsk and why should I run it in Windows 10?

Chkdsk (Check Disk) is a built-in tool in Windows 10 that scans and repairs issues with your hard drive. It is recommended to run it periodically to ensure your computer runs smoothly.

2. How do I run chkdsk in Windows 10?

You can run chkdsk by opening File Explorer, right-clicking on the drive you want to scan and selecting Properties. Next, click on the Tools tab and click on the “Check” button under Error checking.

3. Can I run chkdsk on my C drive while using my computer?

You can run chkdsk on your C drive while using your computer, but it is recommended to schedule it for the next time you restart your computer. This will ensure a more thorough scan.

4. How long does chkdsk take to complete?

The time it takes for chkdsk to complete depends on the size and speed of your hard drive. It can take anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours.

5. Will chkdsk delete my files?

Chkdsk does not delete files, but it may mark files as bad if it finds issues with them. It is recommended to backup your important files before running chkdsk.

6. Can I cancel chkdsk once it has started?

Yes, you can cancel chkdsk once it has started, but it is not recommended as it may leave your hard drive in an inconsistent state.

7. What should I do if chkdsk finds errors?

If chkdsk finds errors, it will try to repair them automatically. However, if it cannot, it is recommended to backup your important files and replace the hard drive.

8. Can I run chkdsk on an external hard drive?

Yes, you can run chkdsk on an external hard drive by connecting it to your computer and following the same steps as running it on an internal hard drive.

9. Can chkdsk fix issues with my operating system?

Chkdsk is not designed to fix issues with your operating system. It is mainly used to scan and repair issues with your hard drive.

10. How often should I run chkdsk on my computer?

It is recommended to run chkdsk on your computer at least once a month to ensure optimal performance.

11. Can I schedule chkdsk to run automatically?

Yes, you can schedule chkdsk to run automatically by using the Task Scheduler in Windows 10. This will save you time and ensure that it is run regularly.

12. Are there any alternatives to chkdsk?

Yes, there are many third-party disk repair and optimization tools available, such as CCleaner, Disk Drill and EaseUS Partition Master.

13. What should I do if my computer freezes during chkdsk?

If your computer freezes during chkdsk, try restarting it and running the scan again. If the issue persists, it may be a sign of a more serious issue with your hard drive.

How to Run CHKDSK Windows 10

If your computer is not performing as well as it should be, it may be time to run CHKDSK on your Windows 10 system. CHKDSK is a disk checking tool that can help you identify and fix problems with your hard drive, and improve system performance. Here’s how you can run CHKDSK on Windows 10:

Conclusion and Closing

Running CHKDSK on your Windows 10 system is a simple process that can help you identify and fix problems with your hard drive. Whether you’re experiencing performance issues, or simply want to ensure your computer is running smoothly, CHKDSK may be the solution you need. By following these steps, you can run CHKDSK and get your Windows 10 system up and running in no time.

We hope this guide has been helpful, and that you’re now able to run CHKDSK on your Windows 10 system with ease. If you have any further questions or concerns, don’t hesitate to reach out to a qualified IT professional for support. Thanks for reading, and until next time!