How to Troubleshoot Windows 10: A Comprehensive Guide

Welcome to this article on troubleshooting Windows 10! If you’re experiencing issues with your computer, don’t stress – there’s always a way to resolve them. In this article, we will guide you through a comprehensive set of steps to help you troubleshoot and fix common Windows 10 problems.

Steps to Troubleshoot Windows 10

Step 1: Check for Updates

One of the main reasons for system issues is outdated software. Microsoft regularly releases updates to improve security and performance. In this step, you’ll learn how to check for updates in Windows 10. To check for updates, go to the Start menu and select Settings. Then, select Update & Security, followed by Windows Update. Click Check for Updates to see if any updates are available.

Step 2: Run Windows Troubleshooter

The Windows Troubleshooter is a built-in tool that can help identify and fix common problems. To run the troubleshooter, go to the Start menu and select Settings. Then, select Update & Security, followed by Troubleshoot. Choose the type of troubleshooter that fits your issue and follow the instructions.

Step 3: Uninstall Recently Installed Software

If you recently installed new software, it could be causing issues with your system. To uninstall software, go to the Start menu and select Settings. Then, select Apps. Find the software you want to remove, click on it, and select Uninstall.

Step 4: Scan for Malware

Malware can slow down your system, cause crashes, and even steal personal information. It’s important to scan your system regularly for viruses and other malicious software. To scan for malware, use the built-in Windows Defender program. Go to the Start menu and select Settings. Then, select Update & Security, followed by Windows Security. Click on Virus & Threat Protection, and then select Scan Options.

Step 5: Check for Disk Errors

If your computer is experiencing issues such as file corruption or slow performance, it might be because of disk errors. To check for disk errors, go to the Start menu and select File Explorer. Right-click on the drive you want to check and select Properties. Click on the Tools tab, and then select Check.

Step 6: Update Drivers

Outdated or missing device drivers can cause system issues. It’s important to keep your drivers up to date. To update drivers, go to the Start menu and select Device Manager. Find the device you want to update, right-click on it, and select Update Driver.

Step 7: Restore Windows to a Previous State

If you’re experiencing significant issues, restoring your system to a previous state might be the solution. To restore Windows, go to the Start menu and search for System Restore. Select Create a restore point, and then select System Restore. Follow the instructions to restore your system.

Step 8: Reset Windows 10

If nothing else works, resetting your system might fix the issue. To reset Windows 10, go to the Start menu and select Settings. Then, select Update & Security, followed by Recovery. Click on Get Started under Reset this PC, and then follow the instructions.

Step 9: Perform a Clean Install of Windows 10

A clean install of Windows 10 will completely erase all data on your computer and reinstall the operating system. This should only be done if all other solutions have failed. To perform a clean install of Windows 10, create a bootable USB or disk with the Windows 10 installation files. Boot your computer from the USB or disk and follow the instructions.

Step 10: Contact Support

If you’re unable to fix your issue, consider contacting Microsoft support. They can provide further assistance and guidance. To contact Microsoft support, go to the Start menu and search for Contact Support. Select the option that fits your issue and follow the instructions.

Step 11: Check Hardware

Sometimes, system issues can be caused by hardware problems. It’s important to check if all your hardware components are functioning properly. To check hardware in Windows 10, go to Device Manager and look for any devices with an exclamation mark next to them. This indicates that the device is not working properly.

Step 12: Check Event Viewer

Event Viewer is a useful tool that can help identify system issues. It logs events and errors within the system. To access Event Viewer, go to the Start menu and search for Event Viewer. Select the type of event you want to view and check for any error messages.

Tips and Tricks

1. Keep Your Windows 10 Updated

It’s crucial to regularly update your Windows 10 system to ensure that it runs smoothly and securely.

2. Backup Your Data Regularly

Regularly backing up your data is important in case of system failure or malware attacks.

3. Use Anti-Virus Software

Using a reliable anti-virus software is a must to keep your computer secure from malware.

4. Keep Your System Clean

Regularly clean your system from junk files and unwanted software to avoid system issues.

5. Avoid Installing Unknown Software

Only install software from reputable sources to avoid installing malware or malicious software.

6. Use the Task Manager to Manage Processes

The Task Manager can help you identify and end processes that are causing system issues.

7. Use System Restore Points

Creating system restore points can be helpful in case something goes wrong with your system.

8. Manage Startup Programs

Limit the number of programs that startup with Windows 10 to increase performance and reduce system issues.

9. Keep Your Drivers Updated

Updating your drivers can improve system stability and performance.

10. Take Precautions When Downloading

Be cautious when downloading files from the internet, as they may contain malware or viruses. In conclusion, troubleshooting Windows 10 can be overwhelming, but by following these steps and tips and tricks, you can easily diagnose and fix any system issues. Remember to keep your system up to date, use reliable anti-virus software, and regularly backup your data. By doing so, your computer will run smoothly and securely for years to come.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Troubleshooting Windows 10


1. Saves time and money: Troubleshooting Windows 10 yourself can save you from hiring a professional and paying a high fee.

2. Increases knowledge: By troubleshooting Windows 10 yourself, you can learn about the inner workings of your computer and become more confident in handling future issues.

3. Control over your system: Troubleshooting Windows 10 allows you to have greater control over your system and make adjustments according to your needs and preferences.

4. Improves performance: Sometimes troubleshooting can identify issues that were causing your computer to perform poorly. By fixing these issues, your system can perform better than before.

5. Fix issues quickly: By troubleshooting Windows 10 yourself, you can quickly fix issues that may have been preventing you from using your computer properly.

6. No wait time: When you troubleshoot Windows 10 yourself, you don’t have to wait for a professional to arrive and diagnose the issue.

7. Personal satisfaction: Successfully troubleshooting Windows 10 can give a sense of personal satisfaction and accomplishment.

8. Better understanding of computer systems: Troubleshooting Windows 10 can give you a better understanding of computer systems and how they work.

9. Fewer malfunctions: By troubleshooting Windows 10 regularly, you can identify and fix problems before they become major malfunctions.

10. Saves data: Troubleshooting can help in saving important data that was on your computer against virus or hardware issues.


1. Risk of causing more damage: If you are not sure about how to troubleshoot Windows 10, you may end up causing more damage than you were trying to fix.

2. Loss of data: Inexperienced troubleshooting can also lead to data loss, which can be catastrophic for important files and documents.

3. Time-consuming: Troubleshooting Windows 10 can be a time-consuming process, especially if the issue is more complex than anticipated.

4. Requires technical knowledge: Troubleshooting Windows 10 requires a certain level of technical knowledge, which may not be possessed by everyone.

5. Potential for making things worse: If the issue is not diagnosed correctly, the troubleshooting process can actually make the problem worse.

6. Limited resources: You may not have the right tools or resources to properly troubleshoot certain issues with Windows 10.

7. Lack of warranty: If you troubleshoot Windows 10 yourself, you may void any warranty that is still valid.

8. Risk of electric shock: If you are not careful, you could potentially harm yourself through an electric shock when troubleshooting.

9. No regulation: There’s no standard or regulation for troubleshooting Windows 10, which means that anyone can do it and claim to be an expert.

10. Stressful: Troubleshooting Windows 10 can be a stressful experience, especially if the issue is causing significant problems for your computer.


1. Why is my Windows 10 computer running slow?

There can be various reasons why your computer is running slow. It could be due to too many programs running, insufficient storage space, or outdated hardware. Try cleaning up your hard drive, running fewer programs at once, and updating your hardware, if possible.

2. How do I fix the blue screen of death?

This is a serious issue that can be caused by various problems such as faulty hardware or software issues. Try to identify any recent software or hardware changes and uninstall or disable them. If that does not work, seek professional help from a computer technician.

3. My computer keeps freezing. What should I do?

This could be due to various reasons such as outdated drivers, insufficient memory, or software conflicts. Try updating your drivers, freeing up some memory, and uninstalling any conflicting software.

4. How do I update my Windows 10 operating system?

Go to your settings and click on “Update & Security.” Then, click on “Check for updates” and wait for the system to search for and download any available updates. Once the update is complete, restart your computer.

5. My screen resolution is not correct. How do I change it?

Right-click on your desktop background and select “Display settings.” From there, you can change your display resolution to the desired size.

6. How do I remove a program from my Windows 10 computer?

Go to your settings and click on “Apps & features.” From there, you can select the program you want to remove and click the “Uninstall” button.

7. How do I optimize my Windows 10 computer for gaming?

You can optimize your computer by updating your graphics drivers, freeing up memory, and disabling any unnecessary programs running in the background. Additionally, you can adjust your computer’s power settings to give priority to gaming performance.

8. Can I downgrade from Windows 10 to an earlier version?

Yes, you can, but it is not recommended. Downgrading can cause compatibility issues and may compromise the security of your computer.

9. My sound is not working. What should I do?

Check to make sure your speaker or headset is correctly plugged in. If that does not work, try updating your sound drivers or restarting your computer. If the problem persists, seek professional help.

10. How can I protect my computer from viruses?

You can protect your computer from viruses by installing and updating anti-virus software, avoiding suspicious emails and downloads, and using a strong password.

11. How do I back up my files on Windows 10?

You can back up your files by using the built-in File History feature, or by using an external hard drive or cloud storage service.

12. My internet connection is slow. How can I improve it?

You can improve your internet speed by resetting your modem and router, updating your network drivers, and limiting the number of devices connected to your network.

13. How do I reset my Windows 10 computer?

Go to your settings and click on “Update & Security.” From there, select “Recovery” and click on “Reset this PC.” Follow the prompts to reset your computer.

How to Troubleshoot Windows 10

If there’s one thing that all Windows 10 users have experienced, it’s the frustration of running into a technical issue that seems impossible to fix. Whether you’re noticing slow performance, software compatibility issues, or unknown error messages, there are several methods you can try to troubleshoot your Windows 10 system. Here are a few easy tips for getting to the bottom of your problem and finding the right solution.


Troubleshooting your Windows 10 system requires patience, persistence, and a willingness to try different methods until you get the results you’re looking for. By following these simple tips, you can avoid getting stuck in endless cycles of frustration and wasted time. Remember to always approach the problem with an open mind and an attitude of curiosity. With the right mindset and a little bit of know-how, you can tackle any Windows 10 issue and keep your system running smoothly for years to come.

Thank you for reading this article on how to troubleshoot Windows 10. Hopefully, you have found some useful tips and tricks to help you diagnose and fix any issues you may be experiencing. Don’t forget to share this article with your friends and colleagues who may be struggling with their Windows 10 systems, and feel free to leave any comments or questions below. Until next time, happy troubleshooting!


We hope this guide has provided you with helpful insights and practical solutions for troubleshooting your Windows 10 system. Remember to always stay up-to-date with the latest software updates and security patches, and don’t hesitate to reach out to Microsoft customer support if you need additional assistance. With the right mindset and tools, you can keep your Windows 10 system running smoothly and efficiently, no matter what challenges you may encounter. Good luck, and happy computing!